Gestalt Principles

Gestalt Principles are principles that describe how humans group similar elements, recognize patterns and simplify complex images when we perceive objects.

Gestalt is a German word which means shape or form.


Elements that are close together appear to be more related than things that are spaced farther apart.


Objects that look similar are perceived as being related.


Even when figures are incomplete, objects are perceived as complete.


Intersecting elements are perceived as one uninterrupted object.

Common Region

Objects located in the same closed region are perceived as being grouped together.

Good Form

Elements of similar shape, pattern, color, etc. are perceived as one.

Common Fate

Elements that are moving together are perceived as a unified group.

This article is neither painting a complete picture of the topic nor is it trying to. It serves as a mnemonic and notebook for Marvin.

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